Wara is a common tree/shrub of disturbed vegetations (Common around paddy fields and tanks) in dry and arid zones of low country. Flowering all the year round. It is an indigenous plant of
and found also in several other south Asian countries like Sri Lanka , India and Pakistan . Also in Maldives and Malaysia . Milky juice extracted from this tree is used as a remedy for Leprosy. China
Saturday, October 30, 2010
Wednesday, October 27, 2010
Common Sandpiper is a common winter visitor to
from Sri Lanka Europe, Africa, Asia and , arrives in August to September in large numbers and departs in April and May. During that season it can be found almost everywhere of country where rock and water exist together. It is usually encountered as a solitary bird or a flock of scattered few feeding on tiny mollusks, insects and crustaceans while bobbing is tail up and down continually. Australia
Monday, October 25, 2010
Angled Castor is a common butterfly found all over the island in all the year round, though becoming scarce above 1200m. It is abundant in degraded vegetations. Its larval host plant is Thel Edaru (Ricinus communis), a plant which is widely cultivated to extract Castor oil. Hence the vernacular English name for this butterfly. Larva also feed on Kahabiliya species (Tragia plukenetii and Tragia involucrate)
Friday, October 22, 2010
Monday, October 18, 2010
Very common migrant and summer loiter to low country coastal areas. But sometimes ascend up to lower hills. During migrate season most low country tanks, paddy fields and such marshy areas abound with this tern. It flies low over water bodies, bill pointed downward in search of its food which consist mainly of aquatic insects, small fish and tadpoles and when tired rest on near by paddy field bund, fence posts or like places.
Whimbrel is an uncommon migrant bird to low country, especially to dry zone coastal areas. It arrives in
in September - October and return back in April to Sri Lanka North Europe and western Asia for breeding. Marshes, mudflats and lagoons are its favorite habitats in its stay in during winter months of Northern hemisphere. In such places it feed mainly on crabs, mollusks and worms, usually singly or sometimes as small parties of 4 -5 birds. Sri Lanka
Wednesday, October 13, 2010
An endemic lizard of
confines to the knuckles range. It is a diurnal and slow moving lizard of natural forests, cardamom plantations and also adjoining home gardens at elevations of 760 – 1220m in knuckles range. Sri Lanka
Monday, October 11, 2010
Pied kingfisher is a resident bird usually found in marshes, lagoons, mangroves, slow flowing rivers and tanks of low country. It is common in coastal areas. It feeds mainly on fish and other aquatic animals catch by hovering over the water surface and suddenly plunging into prey and emerge with it a moment later. It lives in pairs and breeds during March – May in a burrow dig into the bank of a river.
Saturday, October 9, 2010
Native herb of
and introduced to Mexico and several other countries of Sri Lanka Southeast Asia, Southern Europe and also . Common weed of roadsides and tea plantations of hill country. Flowering throughout the year. White flowers change to purplish when fading. Earliest record of introducing this herb comes from Peradeniya botanical garden in 1926 and it is said that wide spread was due to deliberate introduction of it as a mat forming herb on soil of drain sides and step banks of tea estates as a prevention measure of soil erosion. . India
Thursday, October 7, 2010
Very common breeding resident of all zones up to 1700m. It lives in gardens, cultivations, and grass lands but not in dense forests, usually associated with cattle and buffalos and feed on ticks which infest on them and insects mainly grasshoppers which are disturbed by their feet while they graze. Hence the name Gon Kawadiya use by Sinhalese people for this bird. It appears to pair for life. But sometime flocks with considerable numbers are formed in out of breeding season. Also roost in night in thousands at a selected place usually few trees sometime in city centers or patches of shrub in marsh land. Breeding season start in March and last till August or September. A nest is a hole in a tree with mass of sticks, straws and feathers.
Tuesday, October 5, 2010
Sunday, October 3, 2010
Origin of this plant believes to be occurred in
though now wide spread in tropical China Asia, Africa and tropical . It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant and escapees are become weeds in shrub jungles and such habitats. It is a small shrub and flowers blooms during April to May and again in August to September. America
The Crestless lizard inhabiting Knuckles range has been recently described as a new endemic species base on morphological features ( Amar...
An indigenous herb of about 2-3m height found in shady places of the low country. Roots use in traditional ayurvedic medicine to cure cat...
" So far it has only appeared in one valley in the Nitre Cave , surrounded by 6000 feet hills, except towards the north-west and eas...
A perennial herb which is believed to be a native plant of North Africa and desert regions of Arabia . Naturalized in North and North ...
An indigenous shrub common in the hill country grasslands and scrublands. Flowering throughout the year.
A common perennial climber grows in woodlands, forest borders and open areas from sea level to about 800m in low country, especially in dry ...
Rat snake is the second largest snake in the country with some specimens observed with 3000mm long while many exceed 2400mm in length...
Giant squirrel is distributed throughout the island in suitable habitats with three different subspecies. Wet zone and highland subspeci...
Russell’s viper is a highly venomous ground-dwelling snake with wide distribution from sea level to mid-hills of about 1500m a.s.l. But...