Wednesday, September 30, 2015

එළ මල් [Ela mal]/White-ginger Lily/Butterfly ginger (Hedychium coronarium)

Native large herb of India and Malaysia. Perhaps also native to the Sri Lanka*. Cultivated and also naturalized in the wet lowlands and hill country up to about 1500 m altitudes

* Illustrated field guide to the flowers of Sri Lanka - J & J de Vlas 

Tuesday, September 29, 2015

Emilia zeylanica

Large indigenous herb grows in patanas, forest borders, ridges, etc. in higher elevations. Flowering throughout the year. Two varieties (var. zeylanica & var. walkeri) occurs in Sri Lanka and both are endemic. Variety zeylanica restricted to the patana lands between 2000-2300 m altitudes.

Monday, September 28, 2015

Clerodendrum wallichii

Native from Himalayan India, Pakistan, Bhutan, to Myanmar and Vietnam. Introduced and occasionally cultivated in home gardens. 

Sunday, September 27, 2015

Common Albatross (Appias albina darada)

Common butterfly of the hill country. But not occurred in the very high elevations. It takes parts in migrations and also settles on wet patches on paths, river beds, etc. to absorb minerals in large numbers. No larval host plants so far recorded for it in Sri Lanka.

Saturday, September 26, 2015

වල් රඹුටන්/ඌරු කොස්ස[Wal-Rambutang/Uru-Kossa] (Xanthium indicum)

Common indigenous large herb occurs in moist places, roadsides, cultivated grounds, dry margins of tanks and in waste places in the dry zone. 

Friday, September 25, 2015

ලේනතැරිය/ලේන්තැරි/ලේන්තැරි පුවක්[Lenatheriya/Lenteri/Lenteri-Puwak] (Areca concinna)

An endemic and endangered small tree occurs in swamp forests and valley bottoms from Kalutara to Galle in the southwestern wet lowlands. Flowers and fruits throughout the year.

Thursday, September 24, 2015

බිං අවරි[Bin Awari](Indigofera linnaei)

An indigenous prostrate herb. Very common in dry and open places and near seashores in the dry and intermediate zones. 

Wednesday, September 23, 2015

Asota producta

Location - Yagirala forest reserve. 
Wing expanse - 3.5 - 7 cm
Reference - The Lepidoptera of Ceylon - F. Moore, F.Z.S. Vol 2 Page 52-53.

Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Perennial peanut/Pinto peanut (Arachis pintoi)

An introduced creeping herb native to the Central Brazil. It was introduced as a ground cover in tea plantations and now naturalizing along roads in the hill country.

Monday, September 21, 2015

කොන්ඩේ[Konde] (Vernonia wightiana)

A endemic shrub common in patanas, grassy banks and montane forests above 1000 m a.s.l.Flowering from November to May.

Sunday, September 20, 2015

Star Gooseberry (Phyllanthus acidus)

An introduced shrub to small tree native to India. Cultivated in home gardens in all climatic zones. Fruits edible.

Saturday, September 19, 2015

Blue Glassy Tiger (Ideopsis similis exprompta)

Rather common butterfly restricted to the southwestern coast from Negombo to Galle, not occurring inland more than 32 km s. Blue Glassy Tiger especially flies in mangrove and marsh habitats. However it can be also observed in inland wet lowland forests such as Sinharaja, Morapitiya-Runakandha and Kanneliya. Larva feeds on Tylophora indica [බිං නුග] leaves ( Ovipositing also observed on Parsonsia alboflavescens [කිරි අඟුණ/වල් අඟුණ] though larvae refused to feed on them when given in the lab)*.
          Major N. Manders while considering the restricted distribution of this butterfly doubted that it may be an accidentally introduced species to the island from the China via Galle harbor. Before completion of the breakwater at Colombo, Galle was the first port in the island and introduction of this butterfly may have been occured during that period (Manders N., 1904) As per Manders distribution of this insect at that time was "...coast and twenty miles or so inland, that is to say, the foothills extending from Galle in the south to about ten miles beyond Colombo on the north." 

van der Poorten, G. and van der Poorten N., 2011. New and revised descriptions of the immature stages of some butterflies in Sri Lanka and their larval food plants (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Part 1: Sub-family Danainae. The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, 44: 1–16.

Manders N., 1904 Butterflies of Ceylon, The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society V. 16 (1904-1906)

Friday, September 18, 2015

Emilia alstonii

An endemic herb occurs along weedy roads, eroded patanas and tea plantations in the high elevations, mainly southern and eastern part of the hill country.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Brazilian Tea (Stachytarpheta dichotoma)

An introduced shrubby herb native to Cuba and Mexico south to Argentina and Peru. Naturalized and widely distributed along roadsides, waste grounds, scrub lands etc. mainly in the central parts of the country. 

Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Senecio gardneri

An endemic perennial herb considered to be critically endangered and possibly extinct according to the National Red List 2012 of Sri Lanka. Earlier records available from Adam's peak, Ambagamuwa, Upcot and  Meeriacotta estate of Central hills. Flowering from December to March. We have observed and photographed this rare plant at Kuru ganga upper basin area (1200 m) of Sripada World Heritage site (Adam's peak or Peak wilderness sanctuary) on 15th February 2014.

Tuesday, September 15, 2015

ගස් කරල් හැබ/වැල් කරල් හැබ[Gas karal heba, Wal karal haba] (Achyranthes aspera)

An indigenous perennial herb very common along roadsides, gardens, waste grounds, scrub lands,  forest margins, seashores and along streams throughout the island except on the higher hills. 

Monday, September 14, 2015

ගස් කයිල[Gas kayila](Breynia vitis-idaea)

An indigenous herb common along forest edges, sandy places near coast and shaded stream banks from lowlands to about 1000 m a.s.l.

Sunday, September 13, 2015

Amata thoracica

Location - Ingiriya forest reserve (Dombagaskanda). Also observed at Morapitiya Runakanda, Sinharaja  and Yagirala forest reserves.
External Links -

Saturday, September 12, 2015

මහ උඳුපියලි[Maha undupiyali]/Spanish clover (Desmodium heterophyllum)

Native prostrate or ascending herb very common along roadsides, grasslands and open places in the low country up to about 600 m altitude. Flowering from June to October.

Friday, September 11, 2015

Thursday, September 10, 2015

Wednesday, September 9, 2015

Dark Blue Tiger (Tirumala septentrionis)

Dark Blue Tiger is a common butterfly flies mainly in the dry zone of the country up to 1000 m elevations. It takes part in migrations. Larva feeds on Dragia volubilis (අගුණ) leaves

Sunday, September 6, 2015

නිල් පුරුක්[Nil-Puruk](Dipteracanthus prostratus)

Common indigenous herb occurs in partial shade among short grass along roadsides, bunds of paddy fields, etc. from low country to mid hills about 900 m a.s.l. Flowering throughout the year with a peak in March. Flowers open in the early morning and wither by noon.  

Saturday, September 5, 2015

Pomasia psylaria?

Location - Kitulgala - Makandhawa forest reserve
Expanse - 2.8 cm
Reference - The Lepidoptera of Ceylon - F. Moore, F.Z.S. Vol 3 Page 448.

Friday, September 4, 2015

Eleutheranthera ruderalis

Common introduced weed occurs in abandoned lands, cultivated grounds, roadsides, etc. Native to the tropical America. Flowering from November to May and possibly throughout the year. This grows in much the same habitats as, and closely resembles Nodeweed (Synedrella nodiflora)

Thursday, September 3, 2015

දියපර[Diyapara](Dillenia triquetra)

An indigenous tree occurs in wet zone forests from lowlands to about 1200 m altitude. Flowering throughout the year.
*The vernacular name ගොඩපර[Godapara] is also used for this species where  ගොඩපර[Godapara] (Dillenia retusa) is absent, especially in Nawalapitiya area.

Wednesday, September 2, 2015

Witchweed (Striga lutea)

Rather common indigenous herb occurs in open grassy places of the wet lowlands and the hill country, up to about 1800 m altitudes. Probably a parasitic on the roots of the grasses. Flowering throughout the year.

Tuesday, September 1, 2015

Mangina argus

Location - Thalangama tank
Expanse - Male 5 cm Female - 5.4 cm
Reference - The Lepidoptera of Ceylon - F. Moore, F.Z.S. Vol 2. page 69 as Argina argus
Larval host Plants - Young leaves of Crotalaria species. Larvae observed at above location were feeding on Crotalaria retusa leaves.