Common breeding resident of low country up to about 1800 m a.s.l. It inhabits wet lands with dense vegetation like paddy fields, marshes, tank and mangroves. Usually lives as pairs and active mostly during the morning and again in evening. It is omnivorous and feeds on worms, insects like grasshoppers and also shoots of paddy and other marsh plants. Breeding season is from March to October and nest is a mass of weeds often place on a low bush few feet above of ground or water.
Wednesday, June 29, 2011
Monday, June 27, 2011
Saturday, June 25, 2011
Thursday, June 23, 2011
An invasive shrub native to the
South America. Introduced probably as an ornamental plant and naturalized in
several tropical countries including . It is widely distributed along rain forest pathways and
streams of wet and montane zones. Also in roadsides and disturbed grounds of
lowland wet zone to tea estates in up country. Propagation is mainly due to the
seeds spread by birds. Sri Lanka
Sunday, June 19, 2011
Common butterfly from lowlands to foot hills. It prefers open areas and usually found in roadsides. Like several other butterflies, males of this species too are fond of settling on damp earth to absorb minerals. According to Ormiston amount of black on upper wings of this butterfly vary with location and wet zone (
) specimens have light marks while darkest are from dry zone ( Galle ) and hills (Haldummulla) (Ormiston W. The Butterflies of Jaffna 1924). Larva feeds on varies Ziziphus species such as Ziziphus mauritiana (Maha debara, Ceylon ) and Ziziphus rugosa(Maha-eraminiya) of the family Rhamnaceae. Masan
Friday, June 17, 2011
Wednesday, June 15, 2011
A breeding resident restricted to higher hills above 1000m a.s.l. Eurasian Black bird is an essentially ground bird common in forest undergrowth, well wooded gardens and tea plantations. It feeds on insects among the leaf litter on the ground and also takes berries. Active mostly during the early morning and again in the dusk. Main breeding season is March to April and probably again from August to September.
Tuesday, June 14, 2011
Native plant of
and Sumatra, Malaysia Borneo. Introduced to Peradeniya botanical garden as an ornamental
tree in late nineteenth century. It becomes an invasive plant in stream banks,
forest edges, wastelands, roadsides and neglected plantations of wet lowlands. A
bright yellow flower of this species is the key to distinguish it from other
three indigenous varieties of Dillenia (with white flowers) grows in . Sri Lanka
Saturday, June 11, 2011
Thursday, June 9, 2011
Tuesday, June 7, 2011
Mussenda is a common indigenous shrub of about 2m tall, grows in secondary forests, roadsides and forests edges in both dry and wet zone from sea level to about 4000ft altitude. White leaves of this plant are edible and fried and eaten like ‘papadam’. All most all parts of this plant have medicinal values. Congee made from all the parts of the plant are used to treat hepatitis while roots used for white leprosy and flowers for asthma, fever and dropsy. Leaves and flowers are also used to remove inflammations and as a detergent for ulcers (Medicinal plants used in Ceylon Part 4 – Jayaweera).
Saturday, June 4, 2011
Common butterfly of low country paddy fields, chena cultivations and edges of tanks, becoming uncommon above the mid-hills. According to the D’abrera it is very hardy butterfly surviving even after the natural vegetation has been ruined by mankind. He elaborates that It is almost always the only butterflies found in vacant lots, deserted gardens, overgrown estates and the like (The Butterflies of Ceylon - D'abrera 1998). Larva of peacock pansy feeds on Heen Bovitiya (Osbeckia octandra), Lindernia rotundifolia and various other plants of family Acanthaceae (An Illustrated guide to Butterflies of Ceylon – Rajika Gamage – 2007). It takes part in migrations.