Saturday, April 30, 2011

Scalloped Spreadwing (Lestes praemorsus decipiens)

As their name implies Spreadwings can be easily distinguished from other damselflies by their habit of holding their wings wide open at rest. Scalloped spreadwing can be identified by its scalloped pattern on the thorax and very long, up curved anal appendage (insert). It is rather rare damselfly of edges of ponds, lakes and marshes in lowlands up to lower hills in both dry and wet zone.

Wednesday, April 27, 2011

අළු කොබෙයියා[Alu Kobeiyya]/Spotted dove (Stigmatopelia chinensis ceylonensis)

Very common breeding resident of gardens and cultivations of almost everywhere of the country and dry zone forests while less common in the hill country. It lives in pairs and they breed practically throughout the year, probably each pair nesting several times in the year. Spotted dove feeds on grains, seeds of grasses and weeds obtains from the ground.  

Sunday, April 24, 2011

සුදු කොතල[Sudu Kotala]/Wild guava (Rhodomyrtus tomentosa)

Large shrub or small tree grows in open places of the hill country above 1500m a.s.l. Indigenous,  Also distributed in India, Southeast Asia and Australia.

Wednesday, April 20, 2011

Orange-faced Sprite (Pseudagrion rubriceps ceylonicum)

Very common endemic damselfly distributed in both wet and dry zone up to lower hills. It inhabits weedy edges of tanks, paddy fields, streams, canals, lagoons and rivers. Female similar to male but with less blue markings at the anal appendage.

Thursday, April 14, 2011

ඇහැටුල්ලා[Ahatulla]/ Green vine snake (Ahaetulla nasuta)

Mildly venomous snake of gardens, forests, scrublands, cultivation etc. from lowlands to about 1000 m a.s.l of the hill country.  Arboreal and diurnal. It preys on lizards, frogs, small mammals, and birds. There are records of even tadpoles, fishes and other snakes in its diet (Sri Lankawe Sarpayan – Ruchira Somaweera 2006

Sunday, April 10, 2011

දෙමළිච්චා [Demalichcha]/Yellow-billed babbler/Seven sisters(Turdoides affinis taprobanus)

Very common breeding resident of Gardens, cultivations and forested areas close to anthropogenic habitats but rare in the higher hills and thick forests. Usually found in flocks of several birds often more than seven, hence the name ‘seven sisters’.  It feeds on both insects and vegetable stuffs and most of its food is taken on the ground. Main breeding season is from March to May and perhaps again in August-November. 

Friday, April 8, 2011

වෙලුක්[Weluk] (Caralluma umbellate)

A rare perennial herb growing on rocky outcrops of dry and intermediate zones of the island. Flowering in January or August to September. This plant use as an ingredient to prepare poultice to draw out broken pieces of thorns or spikes from the body and to prepare an oil in treating dislocation of bones (Medicinal plants used in Ceylon part 1 – Jayaweera 2006)

Tuesday, April 5, 2011

Long-eared false vampire bat/ කොටිකන් වවුලා[Kotikan wawula] (Megaderma spasma)

Even though true vampire bats have not been found in Sri Lanka, it is home to two species of false vampire bats. Long-eared false vampire bat can be found from lowlands to lower hills of the island. During day time these bats roost as small colonies usually consist of 2-12 individuals in abandoned houses, caves or in a hollow of a tree. It is much fond of tilled roofed houses. Late evening it emerges from its day time retreats and flies low among bushes in search of insects like beetles, grasshoppers, moths etc. 

Saturday, April 2, 2011

Kabaragoya/Water Monitor (Varanus salvator)

Common lizard of wet lands such as mangroves, tanks, paddy fields, canals and also streams in forests of all climatic zones from coasts to mid hills.  But Deraniyagala mentioned that Water monitor is absent in areas subject to drought that are frequented by wild boar which prey upon it (A Colored atlas of some vertebrates from Ceylon – Tetrapod reptilia Vol 2 -1953). He also indicated that it is unknown from south-east part of the country from Hambegamuwa to Tissamaharama. However recent researches on distribution of this lizard suggested that it is present in that area excluding Yala National Park [Probably due to the high abundance of crocodiles] but very rare (Lizards of Sri Lanka – Ruchira Somaweera 2009). It is mainly a scavenger and feed on carrions, fishes, crabs, eggs of water birds, turtles and crocodiles, birds, small mammals, snakes etc.