Friday, June 29, 2012

අන්නාසි[Annasi]/Pineapple (Ananas comosus)

Annasi is a native plant of eastern South America which was introduced to Sri Lnaka and cultivates in commercial cultivations and home gardens for its edible fruit. Escapes of the cultivations sometimes grow in dry rocky places with hardy fruits with darker syncarp and they are known as ‘Galannasi’.

Wednesday, June 27, 2012

Danaid Eggfly (Hypolimnas misippus)

An uncommon butterfly found from sea level to about 3500ft a.s.l. It is particularly common in low country dry zone during the north east monsoon. It takes part in migrations. W. Ormiston noted that once he encountered thousands of them both male and female settling on the road from about the 36th to the 28th mile of  Wellawaya - Hambantota road while he was walking to Tanamalvila (Ormiston W. 1924). Female mimic the Plain tiger and most remarkable thing is, it mimics both forms of with and without subapical markings of the model (i.e. Plain tiger) . Its larval food plants are Genda-kola (Portulaca oleracea), Kapukinissa (Abelmoschus moschatus) and Napiriththa (Hibiscus furcatus)

Monday, June 25, 2012

දිය හබරල/ජබර[Diyahabarala/Jabara]/Pickerel weed/Lesser water hyacinth (Monochoria vaginalis)

An indigenous herb common in marshy places like paddy fields, tank edges etc. in the lowland areas. Leaves edible and also use in medicine. 

Saturday, June 23, 2012

Golden-fronted Leafbird/Gold-fronted Chloropsis (chloropsis aurifrons)

An uncommon breeding resident of forests and neighboring  well wooded gardens and plantations from lowlands to mid hills. It feeds on insects, berries and nectar of some flowers. Golden-fronted Leafbird  lives as pairs. It breeds early in the year and nest is a shallow cup well concealed among foliage, where it lays two  eggs. 

Thursday, June 21, 2012

Tuesday, June 19, 2012

Ceylon snow flat (Tagiades japetus obscurus)

An uncommon butterfly occurs in lowland to mid hills of wet zone forests.  It is a migratory species and Ormiston noted of ‘flights’ of Ceylon snow flats with Water snow flats together at Haldummulla toward west (Ormiston 1924). But usually it flies a short distance and settles with its wings expanded on the under side of a leaf. Its larva feeds on Heen Kabarossa (Smilax zeylanica) of family Smilacaceae. Female has more white on its hind wings than male(figured here).

Friday, June 15, 2012

ලතුවැකියා[Lathuwakiya]/Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala)

Common breeding resident in tanks, marshes, and lagoons of dry lowlands. Small introduced (Escaped birds from the Dehiwela zoo) population also present in Colombo and nearby wetlands. It lives as small parties though sometime solitary individuals as well as large flocks can be seen. Its prey consists of fish, frogs, water snakes, crabs, lizards etc. G.M. Henry noted a strange behavior of this stork of ‘whitewashing’ its legs, while at rest, by squirting excreta over them (Henry G.M. 1998). Painted Stork breeds during early months of the year colonially with other water birds on rather small nest made out of sticks place on top of a tree usually growing in water. 

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

King’s mantle, Bush clock-vine (Thunbergia erecta)

Introduced from the West tropical Africa where it is a native plant. Now it is commonly cultivating in home gardens. It is a shrub grows about 150cm with flowering throughout the year. 

Monday, June 11, 2012

Common Lineblue (Prosotas nora ardates)

Common butterfly found in all elevations of the island throughout the year. It occurs in two color forms. Yellow form (as figured here) doesn't occurs without tail and typical or grey form sometime do occurs without tails (D’  Abrersa1998) Food plants are Hinguru vel (Accacia caesia) and Kobbe/Bu-Kobbe (Allophyluscobbe) of family Fabaceae  and Sapindaceae respectively. 

Saturday, June 9, 2012

කහ කුරුල්ලා[Kaha Kurulla]/Black-hooded Oriole/Black-headed Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus ceylonensis)

Black-hooded Oriole is a common breeding resident of the country inhabiting forests, gardens and such wooded places from lowlands to mid hills. It feeds on fruits and insects by flying from tree to tree usually as pairs or as small family parties. The breeding season lasts from October to May. 

Thursday, June 7, 2012

Valentine/Starburst Clerodendrum (Clerodendrum quadriloculare)

Native shrub of Philippines, cultivated in home gardens and also possible escaping and naturalizing in some natural habitats.

Tuesday, June 5, 2012

Lesser Albatross (Appias galene)

Lesser Albatross was a butterfly plentiful all over the island in all the year round (Ormiston W. 1924). Even during 1990s D’ Abrera mentioned it as “One of the very commonest butterflies on the island.... And one of the principal species that comprise the huge migrations of pieridae that sometimes fly across the country for days at a time” (D'abrera 1998). However today the situation is not so and it is one of the rare butterflies of the island found in intermediate to dry zones and in other elevations during the migratory season (Gamage R. 2007). Its early stages and larval food plants are unknown.  

Sunday, June 3, 2012

White-naped Woodpecker/Black-rumped Woodpecker/Black-backed Yellow Woodpecker (Chrysocolaptes festivus)

Rather uncommon breeding resident found in dry low lands, mainly in coconut plantations. Scattered and local populations sometime occur in wet lowlands (e.g. Gampaha).  Its food consists of wood boring insects and seeds. The breeding season is from January to March and probably again from August to September and nest hole often hewn in the trunk of a coconut tree where it lays two eggs. 

Friday, June 1, 2012

මල් මාර/රතු මාර [Mal Mara/Rathu Mara]/Flame tree/Flamboyant/Golden Mohur (Delonix regia)

Native tree of Madagascar. Introduced into Sri Lanka before 1841 according to the H.F. Macmillan (Tropical planting and gardening with special reference to Ceylon, 1910) Flowering from February to May. It is a popular avenue tree along many roads especially of Colombo. It is also cultivated in home gardens as an ornamental tree.